Will LA Animal Services be the First Government ‘Puppy Mill’?

ANIMAL WATCH-Of all the loathsome things that have been done to destroy the reputation, morale and credibility of Los Angeles Animal Services under General Manager Brenda Barnette, her latest attempt to turn LA's  shelters into "puppy mills" -- providing living products from late-term pregnant dogs for “rescuers” to sell in Councilman Paul Koretz' highly profitable "new business-model pet stores" -- is one of the most disturbing. 

In this case, an adorable little pregnant Bichon-mix dog died during Barnette's experiment to let her whelp puppies for “rescues,” rather than following CA and LA City law which requires all dogs and cats over four months of age to be spayed. (Barnette attempted to change this policy in 2013, so it is not whimsical or inadvertent.) 

Just because it has become fashionable to "adopt a rescue" doesn't mean shoppers won't pay retail price for a near-purebred they can boast they "saved." And the internet marketplace shows that Bichon Frise puppies (purebred) sell for an average of $700 to $2,500 each. Even a mixed puppy of this breed will "bring a pretty penny," wrote one of the “rescuers” in an email before the pathetic -- and possibly very painful -- death of "Snowball." (photo above) 

(Read:  Why Did LAAS GM Barnette Try to Cover Up Death of Pregnant Shelter Dog, 'Snowball'?)


There seems to already be plenty of innovation and competition in “puppy-laundering” ventures in CA, now that the LA City Council and state legislature banned the closely regulated pet shops in favor of unmonitored, unregulated and untaxed “retail rescue stores." 

Last week the Animal Legal Defense Fund filed a  lawsuit alleging a California rescue group, called Bark Adoptions is buying puppies from a puppy-mill operation called "Rescue Pets Iowa" and selling them at CA locations as  "puppy-mill rescues"--some pups bringing over $2,000, according to the DesMoines Register.  

The lawsuit states that Bark Adoptions of California "masquerades as a nonprofit animal-rescue organization" and then sells the puppies for profit. The lawsuit reportedly seeks to stop Animal Kingdom from buying or selling dogs from Bark Adoptions, Rescue Pets Iowa or any other "sham rescue" groups in California.  

According to the major humane groups, a puppy mill is an operation where female dogs produce litters of puppies for sale, without regard for the mother's health and well-being. 

How does that differ from what LA Animal Services did to "Snowball?" 

Read also: ‘Puppy Mill’ Breeders Become ‘Rescues’- Are Pet Shop Bans a Political Hoax? 


Barnette described Snowball's death in an email to the Commissioners as "mixed with sadness and joy." Where was the joy? 

There also is no record of a necropsy being performed on Snowball. This was a high-visibility case, due to Barnette's nationwide media exposure of a planned spay-policy change in LA. 

The dog was in the legal possession of a city shelter, transferred to a private facility and died--with all her records showing she was in apparent good health at the shelter, and Barnette and her Executive Leadership Team (Assistant GM MeLissa Webber and Director Annette Ramirez of the S.M.A.R.T. Team) making the decisions for Snowball's future best interests. 

Barnette apparently intended not to mention Snowball's death at the following Commission meeting, if possible--admonishing Commissioner Roger Wolfson for blurting out, "Snowball is dead." She quickly retorted the email she sent was information for the Commission, not for the public. 

This all began with one Orange County reporter, teaming up with out-of-area rescuers and an anti-abortion activist, to create a media blitz, crudely describing, "Her [Snowball's] plight was discovered by activists who devotedly scour Southern California animal shelter websites, ready and eager to rescue, rehabilitate and rehome the animals who land there. Several volunteers contacted the shelter, offering to “pull” Snowball, as the rescue lingo goes." 

Shamefully, the Los Angeles Daily News chose to join in the sensationalism and, rather than regretting the death of this innocent dog, it brushed aside Snowball's death and published the headline, "After Snowball’s unborn puppies dodge abortion, LA shelter to reconsider spaying pregnant dogs." 

No one interviewed the many local rescuers and animal lovers who would have demanded that this public exhibition end immediately and that pregnant animals continue to be spayed to reduce the number of homeless dogs and cats and promote adoption of animals already needing homes. 

 (Not one local rescuer came to the Commission meeting to support or encourage this change.) 


One of the emotional rants in the campaign to flood LA City Council offices with e-mails and phone calls was, “This termination [of pregnancy] is truly criminal. Dogs grieve, just like humans do, and if you think that ripping this mother’s litter from her womb is a logical choice, then please turn in your license since you should not be in operation.” 

Why only dogs? If we are concerned about post-spay response/anxiety, don't pregnant cats have the same mothering instinct? Yet, Barnette's announcement clearly states her proposal will NOT affect late-term pregnant cats, which will continue to be spayed. Is that because kittens don't bring in the big bucks garnered from selling puppies? 


A Public Records Act request for all e-mails between GM Barnette and her staff and the public revealed that much of Brenda's communication was conducted from a redacted e-mail account

In requesting the Commission to "urgently" permit her to violate shelter/City policy, she provided an e-mail from one Arizona rescuer, opining from miles away that Snowball should not be spayed because "a dog instinctually knows she is about to give birth and won't know why her pups are gone." 

Barnette advised, "The urgency is that little Snowball (as she has been named) is not only a senior, but VERY pregnant carrying 4-5 full term pups." 

Brenda gave the impression that all would be fine with Snowball, when, in fact, the documentation provided shows that no testing/blood work had been done to determine the suitability of this tiny, senior dog whelping puppies.  

As a former dog breeder (and having a daughter who is a "responsible dog breeder," according to Best Friends Animal Society), Brenda should have been aware of the dangers of pregnancy in an older dog--especially with an unknown health history or background.      


After Snowball died, Brenda shared this with the Commission. (Following is not the entire text from the veterinarian but shows care was provided.) 

"I want to give you an update on Snowball and her pups," Brenda wrote, "...here is the report from the attending agency's veterinarian:" 

Snowball looked like she was coming into labor on Monday morning. Very restless. She had been dealing with a bad URI, bordering on pneumonia. She stopped eating the day before...We had started her on Baytril the day before (she had been on Clavamox for 3 days already.) 

Shortly thereafter I checked on her and she wouldn't raise her head and her gums were white.  I was taking [her] over to get her into oxygen and she literally died as I was carrying her down the hall.  We did CPR for about 5 minutes to no avail at which time decided to try and save the puppies.  She had 8 puppies in her tiny body, one was stillborn and we were able to revive 7 of them." 

(Skipping to end.) Sorry we couldn't do more for her.  We had eyes on her 24/7...Additionally the more I got to know her and the state of her teeth made me believe she was more like 10-15 years old. Not sure an older, small dog could manage 8 puppies all while sick." 

At the end of this tragic account, Brenda advises the Commission that she will still be "asking you to consider changing the policy at the meeting next week..." 

The last report on the puppies in this series of emails stated only five (5) had survived.  

An official request has been made for subsequent information, because this matter is too important and Snowball's suffering too significant to just ignore or forget.


In subsequent emails that were obtained through the Public Information Act request, it was very clear that GM Brenda Barnette is not concerned about the welfare of the pregnant dogs which would be given to unvetted rescuers (she cannot discriminate), some with little or no experience in safely whelping puppies and possibly without the resources for proper emergency veterinary care. 

"Snowball" was a very desirable breed, yet she also was betrayed and abandoned to the streets -- thus ending the assumption that all small, fluffy dogs have forever homes. 

The issue is that GM Brenda Barnette cruelly prolonged the pregnancy of a lovely little dog that could have lived out the rest of her life in a loving home -- and spaying her might have saved her life. 

This is strictly about puppies and money! How does this make LA Animal Services any better than a "puppy mill?" 

(Phyllis M. Daugherty is a contributor to CityWatch and a former Los Angeles City employee.) Edited for CityWatch by Linda Abrams.